SIOP Component #3: Comprehensible Input
This component of SIOP encourages teachers to consciously make the content and the language accessible to the students. The first of the three features (see below) under this component deal with making sure students understand your speech, the second wants teachers to insure students understand the task, and the final feature pertains to student understanding of the concept itself. There it is again: that content and language connection that SIOP brings.
SIOP helps teachers make language & content more comprehensible to students
Paying attention to the language that we use is important. Often, the message that we intend to send is not the one that is received. Comprehensible input helps teachers pay attention to the message they are sending. There are three parts to this: our speech, the language of the content and the concept itself.
Explaining academic tasks clearly means giving clear instructions
Giving clear instructions is something that even the most experienced of teachers can struggle with. Explaining anything to someone is challenging. If students don't speak English very well or lack any kind of academic foundation, their understanding of the task and how they are supposed to approach it may suffer greatly. Here are 4 things that you can do to make your instructions clearer:
- Don't just blurt them out: model them as well.
- Use an economy of words. Clear instructions do not mean wordy instructions.
- Get students to model the task for their peers.
- Use the board! Write the key steps of the task on the board.
TESOL Trainers provides world class professional development on SIOP
There are plenty of reasons to invite TESOL Trainers to provide professional development on SIOP to your teaching staff. Here are four of the most powerful: