SIOP Component #6: Practice and Application
This component acts as a poignant reminder of what students should be doing during every step of the lesson (practicing and apply the content and language) and how they should be doing it. The first feature of this SIOP Component encourages teachers to involve students' hands with manipulatives and hands-on activities. The second feature tells teachers to give students meaningful ways to apply their knowledge and skills of the lesson's content and language. The final feature hints at the power behind integrating the four skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing) in one lesson. This component suggest we give students hands on opportunities that integrate the four skills and allow students to practice the lesson's culture and language.
SIOP challenges teachers to make students practice & apply language + content.
SIOP reminds us again and again that it is essential to pay just as much attention to the language as it is to pay attention to the content. SIOP invites the educator to consider how students will practice both. This is important when considering the challenge of getting students to own (versus rent) the language and the content of the lesson. Seeking means to use all four domains of language - speaking, listening, reading, writing - as a way of practicing the content and the specific language associated with it.
Provide activities that integrate all four domains of language
Integrating the four domains of language can have a lot of benefits. First, it allows students to use strengths to develop new ones. Next, it gives everyone a chance to shine at something. Finally, recycling the content and language by using different skills leads to ownership. Here are three ways you can integrate the four skills (or four domains of language).
- Create a situation in which students must interview someone, write up the results and present them orally to the class.
- Use information gaps that often require the use of all four skills to complete them successfully.
- When lecturing, give students a listening task and have them write down and share it with their peers in writing and orally.
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